Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MA004 : Ceratophyllum demersum L.

Plant Category : Aquatic

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 487

Synonym : Ceratophyllum aquaticum H.C.Watson.; Ceratophyllum asperum Lam.; Ceratophyllum cornutum Rich.; Ceratophyllum demersum var. inflatum R.E.Fr.; Ceratophyllum demersum var. oxyacanthum (Cham.) K.Schum.; Ceratophyllum demersum var. tricorne Van Haes.; Ceratophyllum gibbum Laforet ex Nyman.; Ceratophyllum indicum Willd. ex Cham.; Ceratophyllum oxyacanthum Cham.; Ceratophyllum tricorne Dumort.; Ceratophyllum tricuspidatum Dumort.; Ceratophyllum tuberculatum Cham.; Ceratophyllum verticillatum Roxb.; Ceratophyllum vulgare Schleid.;

Plant Common Name : hornwort, rigid hornwort, coontail, coon's tail, Hornwort, Sheivalam, Jalnili, Jalaja, Shaival, Velampasi, Sevar,

Plant Family : Ceratophyllaceae

Description : Much branched, rootless, submerged, aquatic plants, 15-60 (-90) cm long. Leaves whorled, 1-4 times dichotomously branched, minutely toothed at irregular intervals, often terminated by 1 or 2 sharp bristles. Flowers minute, solitary, axillary, unisexual, male and female flowers at different nodes. Perianth segments 6-15, upto 1 mm long, connate at the base, each segment terminated by 2 bristles. Male flowers consisting of 8-30 stamens, spirally arranged on a convex receptacle, narrowed into the base, subsessile, apex terminated by two spinous incurved processes; anthers erect, 2-lobed, pollen elliptical or round. Female flower consists of a sessile carpel, ovary 1-celled, 1-ovuled, style simple, stigma oblique, style elongating in fruit forming the apical spine. Fruit a nutlet, 3.5-4 mm long, 2.5-3 mm broad (excluding spines), sessile with persistent perianth, ovoid, compressed, provided with 3 spines; one apical and 2-lateral, near the base.

Plant Location in Melghat : In Stagnant water pools in Tapti and other major rivers

Medicinal Use / Activity : The whole plant has been traditionally used in the treatment of wounds, fever, burning sensation, hemorrhoids or piles, intrinsic hemorrhages, hyperdipsia, epistaxis and hematemesis. Coontail is prescribed for cardiac infections, giddiness, haemothermia, Leucorrhoea, morbid thirst, rheumatism spermaturia, venereal diseases. Leaf juice is used to stop vomiting, as cooling agent and to cure skin disorders.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: ferredoxin; plastocyanin; tricin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside; naringenin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside; esculetin; beta-sitosterol; 7 alpha-hydroxyl-beta-sitosterol; 7 alpha-methoxyl-beta-sitosterol; palmitic acid;





Palmitic acid;

Plant's Current Status : Not Common, Endemic

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve - - -

Reference : ~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Magnoliidae
Order : Nymphaeales
Family : Ceratophyllaceae - Hornwort family
Genus : Ceratophyllum L. - hornwort
Species : Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail

Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail
Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail
Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail
Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail
Ceratophyllum demersum L. - coon's tail