Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MH002 : Argemone mexicana L.

Plant Category : Herbs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 7

Synonym : Argemone leiocarpa Greene.;

Plant Common Name : Pivala Dhotra, Bilayati, K-Killai, Mexican poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, flowering thistle, cardo or cardosanto Mexican Prickly Poppy, Mexican poppy, Prickly Poppy, Siyal-Kanta, Satyanashi, Bharband, Datturigidda, Phirangi dhutro, Ponnummattu, Khomthongpee, Firangi dhotra, Kshirini, Swarnakshiri, Kudiyotti, Brahmadandi, Satyaanaasi, Thaakal, Sungure Kaandaa, Kaande

Plant Family : Papaveraceae

Description : annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. It has showy yellow flowers. Leaves are thistle-like and alternate, without leaf stalks (petioles), toothed (serrate) and the margins are spiny. The grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface. The stem is oblong in cross-section. Flowers are at the tips of the branches (are terminal) and solitary, yellow and of 2.5-5 cm diameter. Fruit is a prickly oblong or egg-shaped (ovoid) capsule. Seeds are very numerous, nearly spherical, covered in a fine network of veins, brownish black and about 1 mm in diameter.

Plant Location in Melghat : Common throughout in stream and river beds

Medicinal Use / Activity : Root - Skin diseases, relieve kidney pain; Seeds - Laxative, Anti-cancer(Elisa et al., 2015)

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: Sanguinarine; Dihydrosanguinarine; Dehydrocorydalmine; Jatrorrhizine; Columbamine; Oxy-berberine; Berberine; Protopine;

ACTIVE COMPOUNDS (2):

Berberine;

Sanguinarine;

Plant's Current Status : Common

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore MA and PA Joshi (1988) Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve, Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat. - Elisa, P., Elisa, D., Fiorenza, O., Guendalina, L., Beatrice, B., Paolo, L., et al. (2015). Antiangiogenic and antitumor activities of berberine derivative NAX014 compound in a transgenic murine model of HER2/neupositive mammary carcinoma. Carcinogenesis 36, 11691179. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgv103

Reference : ~ Holaly E. Gbekley, Gnatoulma Katawa, Simplice D. Karou, SKokou Anani, Tchacondo Tchadjobo, Yaovi Ameyapoh, Komlan Batawila, and Jacques Simpore; "Ethnobotanical Study Of Plants Used To Treat Asthma In The Maritime Region In Togo"; Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2017); 14(1): 196-212 PMID : 28480398

~ Santosh Kumar Singh, Jay Ram Patel, Prashant Kumar Dubey and Sonia Thakur; "A review on anti-asthmatic activity of traditional medicinal plants"; IJPSR (2014); 5(10): 4109-4116 PMID :

~ Das, DC.; Sinha, NK.; Chattopadhyay JC.; Das M. and Samanta P.; "The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of Gonorrhea and Syphilis in south west Bengal of India"; International Journal of Phytomedicine (2013); 5: 14-17 PMID :

~ Rajendra Prasad Bharti, Abhilasha shrivastava, Jagjeevan Ram Choudhary, Asha Tiwari and N. K. Soni; "Ethno Medicinal Plants used by Tribal Communities in Vindhya region of Rewa and Sidhi District of Madhya Pradesh, India"; IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (2013); 8(6): 23-28 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Magnoliidae
Order : Papaverales
Family : Papaveraceae - Poppy family
Genus : Argemone L. - pricklypoppy
Species : Argemone mexicana L. - Mexican pricklypoppy

Argemone mexicana L. - Mexican pricklypoppy
Argemone mexicana L. - Mexican pricklypoppy
Argemone mexicana L. - Mexican pricklypoppy