Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MH006 : Cleome gynandra L.

Plant Category : Herbs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 12

Synonym : Cleome acuta Schumach. & Thonn.; Cleome affinis (Blume) Spreng. nom. illeg.; Cleome alliacea Blanco.; Cleome alliodora Blanco.; Cleome blumeana D.Dietr.; Cleome bungei Steud.; Cleome candelabrum Sims.; Cleome denticulata Schult. & Schult.f.; Cleome eckloniana Schrad.; Cleome flexuosa F.Dietr. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Cleome heterotricha Burch.; Cleome muricata (Schrad.) Schult. & Schult.f.; Cleome oleracea Welw.; Cleome pentaphylla L.; Cleome pubescens Sieber ex Steud.; Cleome rosea Eckl. ex Steud. nom. inval. Cleome triphylla L.; Gymnogonia pentaphylla (L.) R. Br. ex Steud.; Gynandropsis affinis Blume.; Gynandropsis candelabrum (Sims) Sweet.; Gynandropsis denticulata DC.; Gynandropsis glandulosa C.Presl.; Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.; Gynandropsis heterotricha DC.; Gynandropsis muricata Schrad.; Gynandropsis ophitocarpa DC.; Gynandropsis palmipes DC.; Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC.; Gynandropsis pentaphylla Blanco.; Gynandropsis sinica Miq.; Gynandropsis triphylla DC.; Gynandropsis viscida Bunge.; Pedicellaria pentaphylla (L.) Schrank.; Pedicellaria triphylla (L.) Pax.; Podogyne pentaphylla (L.) Hoffmanns.; Sinapistrum pentaphyllum (L.) Medik.;

Plant Common Name : Ajagandha, Pasugandhi, Hulhul, Hurhur, Kavalia, Tilvan, Bhatvan, Mabli, Tilavana, Tilvant, Shona cabbage, African cabbage, spiderwisp, cat's whiskers, chinsaga, stinkweed

Plant Family : Cleomaceae / Capparaceae

Description : Perennial climbers with unbranched, glabrous tendrils, dioecious. Root tuberous. Leaves broadly ovate, membranous, c. 6.0 x 5.0 cm, glabrous on both sides, deeply 3-5-lobed, lobes trianglular ovate or oblong, acute, with undulate or minutely remotely denticulate margin; petiole 1-3 cm long, puberulous. Male flowers 5-6 cm across, yellow, on 4-6 cm long peduncles; bracts large, sessile, entire, glabrous, often ciliated or villous on both surfaces, cucullate, suborbicular or reniform, partly enclosing the flower. Petals 2-3 x 1.5-2.5 cm, obtuse. Female flowers yellow, on c. 2.5 cm long, ebracteate or minutely bracteate peduncles; calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 5-6 mm long, villous; corolla similar to male flowers. Ovary ovoid, covered with long and soft papillae. Fruit ovoid or ellipsoid, 3-5 cm long, 2-3.5 cm across, yellow when mature, densely covered with soft spines, shortly beaked (rostrate) at apex. Seeds somewhat compressed, 6-7 x 5-6 mm, irregularly corrugated. Fl. Per.: July-October.

Plant Location in Melghat : Mostly near villages

Medicinal Use / Activity : anti-inflammatory, pain, swelling, fever, cough, asthma, skin and urinary diseases.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: -


Plant's Current Status : -

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve -

Reference : ~ Jennifer L. McCracken, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Bill T. Ameredes, William J. Calhoun; "Diagnosis and Management of Asthma in Adults - A Review"; JAMA (2017); 318(3): 279-290 PMID : 28719697

~ A. Mangaiyarkarasi and M.H. Muhammad Ilyas; "Phytochemical Screening and Fluorescence Analysis of Cleome gynandra L. Leaves"; Int. J. Curr. Res. Biosci. Plant Biol. (2015); 2(9): 58-65 PMID :

~ Chen S; "Natural products triggering biological targets - a review of the anti-inflammatory phytochemicals targeting the arachidonic acid pathway in allergy asthma and rheumatoid arthritis."; Curr Drug Targets (2011); 12(3): 288-301 PMID : 20955151

~ Park HS, Kim SR, Kim JO and Lee YC; "The roles of phytochemicals in bronchial asthma"; Molecules (2010); 15(10): 6810-34 PMID : 20924320

~ Balaji Kasirajan, Rajadurai Maruthamuthu, Vidhya Gopalakrishnan, Krithika Arumugam, Hudson Asirvatham, Vidya Murali, Ramya Mohandass and Anusha Bhaskar; "A database for medicinal plants used in treatment of asthma"; Bioinformation (2007); 2(3): 105-106 PMID :

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

~ Sonika Jain, Jaya Dwivedi, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Swaha Satpathy and Arjun Patra; "Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Cancer: A Brief Review"; Pharmacogn. J. (2016); 8(2): 87-102 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Dilleniidae
Order : Capparales
Family : Cleomaceae / Capparaceae - Caper family
Genus : Cleome L. - spiderflower
Species : Cleome gynandra L. - spiderwisp

Cleome gynandra L. - spiderwisp
Cleome gynandra L. - spiderwisp
Cleome gynandra L. - spiderwisp