Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MH008 : Cleome viscosa L.

Plant Category : Herbs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 14

Synonym : Arivela viscosa (L.) Rafin.; Cleome acutifolia Elmer.; Cleome icosandra L.; Corynandra viscosa (L.) Cochrane & Iltis.; Polanisia icosandra Wight & Arn.; Polanisia microphylla Eichler; Polanisia viscosa (L.) DC.; Sinapistrum viscosum (L.) Moench.;

Plant Common Name : Pivli Tilwan, K- Torthan, wild mustard, dog mustard, Yellow Spider Flower, Wild mustard, Sticky cleome, Hurkur, Bagra, Pilahurshur, Karphut, Ujla Hulhul, Hurhur,

Plant Family : Cleomaceae / Capparaceae

Description : Annual herbs, foetid, about 40-120 cm tall. Stem woody in the base, erect, branched, grandular or non grandular tomentose, striated, branches slender, usually branched from the base. Leaves variable, 3-5-7 foliate, leaflets subsessile, spathulate-obovate, narrow oblong to linear elliptic, about 1-6 x 0.4-2.5 cm across, base cuneate, margin ciliate, entire, apex acute to subacute, membranous, glandular pubescent both above and beneath, lateral veins 3-8 on either side of the midrib, petiole about 3-5 cm long. Inflorescence raceme corymbs, few flowered or solitary in the lower portion, lax and elongated in fruit, subterminal or axillary, up to 30 long in fruit. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, ephemeral, yellow, orange yellow or cream white, about 1-1.5 cm across, pedicel filiform, slender, about 10 mm long, elongated up to 4 cm long in fruit, sepals 4, lanceolate-oblong, valvate, reddish near the base, glabrous inside, glandular pubescent outside, apex acute, about 5-12 x 2-4 mm across, petals 4, oblanceolate-obovate, distinctly clawed at base, claw about 6 mm long, about 8-14 x 3-5 mm across. Stamens 12-18, filament inserted on a discoid, broadened at the tip, about 6-8 mm long, anthers linear. Ovary superior, bicarpellary, oblong-cylindric, sessile, beaked, minutely glandular pubescent, about 6-8 mm long, style up to 10 mm long, stigma capitate. Fruit capsule, erect or slightly curved, dehiscent, linear oblong, about 40-80 x 3-4 mm across, beaked about 4-20 mm long, tapered at base and apex, centripetally veined valves, with persistent seed bearing replum. Seeds many, orbicular or reniform, about 1-1.5 mm across, granulate, cleft fused between 2 ends, surface smooth, reddish brown to black.

Plant Location in Melghat : Among grasses on hill slopes, along roadsides, in fields

Medicinal Use / Activity : Anti I insects, Antiwarmicde, Anthelmentic, pruritis, gastro intestinal disorders, gastrointestinal infections, ringworm, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, cough, bronchitis, cardiac disorders.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: Flavonoids: Quercetin; Kaempferol; Cleosandrin; Coumarino-lignans( Cleomiscosins);




Plant's Current Status : Common

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve

Reference : ~ Chellaiah Muthu, Muniappan Ayyanar, Nagappan Raja and Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu; "Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India"; Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006); 2(43): 1-10 PMID :

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

~ S.D. Jagtap, S.S. Deokule and S.V. Bhosle; "Some unique ethnomedicinal uses of plants used by the Korku tribe of Amravati district of Maharashtra, India"; Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006); 107: 463-469 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Dilleniidae
Order : Capparales
Family : Cleomaceae / Capparaceae - Caper family
Genus : Cleome L. - spiderflower
Species : Cleome viscosa L. - Asian spiderflower

Cleome viscosa L. - Asian spiderflower