Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MH010 : Polygala arvensis Willd.

Plant Category : Herbs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 20

Synonym : Polygala brachystachya DC.; Polygala chinensis auct. non Linn.: A.W. Bennett.;

Plant Common Name : Phutani, Field Milkwort, Mirdoi, Sanjivani,

Plant Family : Polygalaceae

Description : Annual, pubescent, usually procumbent, 6-30 cm tall. Leaves obovate, linear-lanceolate, elliptic or linear, mucronate, 4-55 mm long, 1-7 mm board, + margin recurved. Racemes lateral, shorter than the leaves, dense, + truncate, 10-15 mm long. Bracts persistent, shorter than the pedicel. Sepals persistent; outer sepals equal, acute-acuminate, glabrous, broadly hyaline margined; inner sepals ovate-elliptic, acute-acuminate, oblique, falcate 3-5 mm long, 1.5-2.5 mm broad, slightly enlarged in fruit, covering c. 1 /2 of the fruit, ciliate except at apex, 3-4 nerved, veinlets anastomosing. Lateral petals longer than keel; keel 4 mm long, crested. Capsule oblong-orbicular, emarginate, 3.5-5 mm long, 3-4 mm broad, glabrous, wing 0-0.25 mm, ciliate. Seeds oblong, pilose; strophiole 3-appendiculate, appendages minute. Fl. Per.: Aug.-Sept.

Plant Location in Melghat : Frequent in open grasslands and fields

Medicinal Use / Activity : Asthma, Chronic bronchitis and Catarrhal affections, anti-septic properties; used for fever and dizziness (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: Chinensinaphthol; Suchilactone; Chisulactone; Helioxanthion; Roots: arctigenin-4-glucoside (arctiin); Kaempferol-3-rhamnoside (afzelin); Myricetin-3-rhamnoside; arctgenin-4-gentiobioside; Rutin; haemolytic terpenoid saponins; Senegon; Senegin; monoarylidene butyrolactone; arylnaphthalide lignans; iso-suchilactone; (Rastogi & Mehrotra 1993; Ghani, 2003).





Plant's Current Status :

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve -

Reference : ~ Jennifer L. McCracken, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Bill T. Ameredes, William J. Calhoun; "Diagnosis and Management of Asthma in Adults - A Review"; JAMA (2017); 318(3): 279-290 PMID : 28719697

~ S. Srinivas Rao; "Ethno botanical study of medicinal plants of Sri Pancha Narasimha Swamy and Sri Matsyagiri Narasimha Swamy"; Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies (2015); 3(3): 37-42 PMID :

~ Boeing H, Bechthold A, Bub A, Ellinger S, Haller D, Kroke A, Leschik-Bonnet E, Muller MJ, Oberritter H, Schulze M, Stehle P and Watzl B; "Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases"; Eur J Nutr (2012); 51(6): 637-63 PMID : 22684631

~ Chen S; "Natural products triggering biological targets - a review of the anti-inflammatory phytochemicals targeting the arachidonic acid pathway in allergy asthma and rheumatoid arthritis."; Curr Drug Targets (2011); 12(3): 288-301 PMID : 20955151

~ Park HS, Kim SR, Kim JO and Lee YC; "The roles of phytochemicals in bronchial asthma"; Molecules (2010); 15(10): 6810-34 PMID : 20924320

~ Balaji Kasirajan, Rajadurai Maruthamuthu, Vidhya Gopalakrishnan, Krithika Arumugam, Hudson Asirvatham, Vidya Murali, Ramya Mohandass and Anusha Bhaskar; "A database for medicinal plants used in treatment of asthma"; Bioinformation (2007); 2(3): 105-106 PMID :

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Equisetopsida
Subclass :
Order : Fabales
Family : Polygalaceae - Milkwort family
Genus : Polygala
Species : Polygala arvensis Willd.

Polygala arvensis Willd.