Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MO002 : Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don

Plant Category : Orchid

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 494

Synonym : Aerides tessellata (Roxb.) Wight ex Wall.; Cymbidium allagnata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid]; Cymbidium tessellatum (Roxb.) Sw.; Cymbidium tesselloides Roxb.; Epidendrum tessellatum Roxb.; Vanda roxburghii R.Br.; Vanda roxburghii var. wrightiana Rchb.f.; Vanda tesselloides (Roxb.) Rchb.f.;

Plant Common Name : K- Banda, G- Aitkel, Rasna, Nai, Rasna Nai

Plant Family : Orchidaceae

Description : It is an epiphytic perennial, stem 30-60 cm long, stout, scandent by the stout, simple or branching aerial roots. Leaves succulent, 15-20 cm, long, linear, recurved, complicate. Flowers in 6-10 flowered racemes, reaching with the peduncle 15-25 cm long. Sepals yellow, tessellated with brown lines and with white margins. Petals yellow with brown lines and white margins, shorter than the sepals. Lip 16 mm long, bluish, dotted with purple. Capsules 7.5-9 cm long, narrowly clavate-oblong with acute ribs.

Plant Location in Melghat : On Terminalia alata, Mangifera indica, Ougenia Oojeinensis and some other tree

Medicinal Use / Activity : The roots are alexiteric and anti-pyretic; useful in dyspepsia, bronchitis, inflammations, piles and hiccup. Externally the root is used in rheumatism and allied disorders and diseases of the nervous system. It is also employed as a remedy for secondary syphilis and scorpion stings. The juice of the leaves is used topically in otitis and a paste of them finds use as a febrifuge. The roots possess significant anti-inflammatory activity and exhibit potent analgesic effects combined with a relatively low toxicity. In the Yunani system, the root is used as a tonic for the liver and brain; effective against bronchitis, piles, lumbago, toothache, and boils of the scalp; it also is said to lessen inflammation and heal fractures. The root is said to be fragrant, bitter and useful in rheumatism and allied disorders, in which it is prescribed in a variety of forms. It is also used in the composition of several medicated oils for external application in rheumatism and diseases of the nervous system. In Chota Nagpur, the leaves are pounded into a paste and then applied to the body during fever. A compound decoction of this root is administered in cases of Hemiplegia as some Indian physicians consider it useful in rheumatism and all nervous diseases. The leaves are pounded and the paste is applied to the body to bring down fever; the juice is dropped in the ear for the treatment of Otitis media and other inflammatory conditions. The roots are used in Dyspepsia, Bronchitis, Rheumatism, and also in fever; they are reported to possess anti-bacterial and anti-tubercular properties. The herb is also used for Sciatica. The leaves are used by the Santhal girls for making anklets.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: Beta-sitosterol; Gamma-sitosterol; tetracosyl ferrulate; Beta-sitosterol-D-glucoside; 2,7,7-tri methyl bicyclo; heptanes; Melianin B;



Melianin B;

Plant's Current Status : -

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve. - A Subramoniam, A Gangaprasad, P K Sureshkumar, J Radhika and B K Arun (18 April 2013). A novel aphrodisiac compound from an orchid that activates nitric oxide synthases ' International Journal of Impotence Research , (18 April 2013) doi:10.1038/ijir.2013.18 - -

Reference : ~ Bijaya Pant; "Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation"; Afr. J. Plant Sci. (2013); 7(10): 448-467 PMID :

~ Debashish Behera, Chandi C. Rath and Umaballava Mohapatra; "Medicinal Orchids in India and their conservation: A review"; Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology (2013); 7(1): 53-59 PMID :

~ M Anisuzzaman Chowdhury, M Masudur Rahman, Mohammed Riaz Hasan Chowdhury, M Josim Uddin, Mohammed Abu Sayeed, and M Aslam Hossain; "Antinociceptive and cytotoxic activities of an epiphytic medicinal orchid: Vanda tessellata Roxb."; BMC Complement Altern Med. (2014); 14: 464 PMID : 25472757

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass :
Order : Asparagales
Family : Orchidaceae - Orchid family
Genus : Vanda
Species : Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don

Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don
Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don
Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don
Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G.Don