Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MO012 : Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl.

Plant Category : Orchid

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : -

Synonym : Orchis commelinifolia Roxb.; Orchis stylosanthes Ham. ex Hook.f.; Platanthera commelinifolia Lindl. ex Wall., nom. nud.;

Plant Common Name : Commelina-Leaf Habenaria • Marathi: Komal-amri

Plant Family : Orchidaceae

Description : Plants 60-75 cm tall. Tubers ellipsoid, 5-8 × 3-5 cm, fleshy. Stem erect, stout, with 4-6 well-spaced leaves and several bractlike leaves above. Leaf blade narrowly oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 7-15 × 1.5-2.5 cm, base contracted into amplexicaul sheath, apex acuminate. Raceme many flowered, 9-11 cm; floral bracts linear-lanceolate, ca. as long as or longer than flowers, margin ciliate, apex acuminate; ovary twisted, slender, including pedicel 3-4 cm. Flowers white. Dorsal sepal concave-hooded, broadly obovate, ca. 7 × 9 mm, 5-veined, apex acute; lateral sepals reflexed, strongly oblique, axe-shaped, ca. 7 mm, strongly dilated toward apex and ca. 13 mm wide, with 3 strongly curved veins. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal, obliquely oblong, subfalcate, ca. 6.5 × 4 mm, 2-veined, apex acute or obtuse; lip ca. 4 cm, with linear base 4-6 mm, then deeply 3-lobed, lobes filiform-linear; lateral lobes 2.5-3.2 cm; mid-lobe pendulous, 1.8-2.2 cm, slightly wider than lateral lobes; spur pendulous, cylindric-clavate, 5-8 cm, slender, near apex dilated, with a bristle projection on front margin of mouth; pollinia ellipsoid; caudicles linear; viscidia orbicular; stigmas clavate. Fl. Aug. 2n = 42.

Plant Location in Melghat : Tarubanda

Medicinal Use / Activity : The root decoction is administered orally on an empty stomach to cure spermatorrhoea and urinary trouble.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: -


Plant's Current Status : -

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Londhe, A.N., Watve, A.V. & Ansari, M.Y. 2002. “Additions to the flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve”. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 385 to 395 - - - -

Reference : ~ Londhe AN, Watve AV and Ansari MY; "Additions to the flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. (2002); 26(2): 385-395 PMID :

~ Bijaya Pant; "Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation"; Afr. J. Plant Sci. (2013); 7(10): 448-467 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass : Liliidae
Order : Orchidales
Family : Orchidaceae - Orchid family
Genus : Habenaria Willd. - bog orchid
Species : Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl.

Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl.
Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl.
Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl.