Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MO014 : Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.

Plant Category : Orchid

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : -

Synonym : Aerides guttata (Lindl.) Roxb.; Aerides praemorsa Willd.; Aerides retusa (L.) Sw.; Aerides spicata D.Don.; Aerides undulata Sm.; Epidendrum hippium Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don.; Epidendrum indicum Poir.; Epidendrum retusum L.; Gastrochilus blumei (Lindl.) Kuntze.; Gastrochilus garwalicus (Lindl.) Kuntze.; Gastrochilus retusus (L.) Kuntze.; Gastrochilus rheedei (Wight) Kuntze.; Gastrochilus spicatus (D.Don) Kuntze.; Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw.; Orchis lanigera Blanco.; Rhynchostylis albiflora I.Barua & Bora.; Rhynchostylis garwalica (Lindl.) Rchb.f.; Rhynchostylis guttata (Lindl.) Rchb.f.; Rhynchostylis praemorsa (Willd.) Blume.; Rhynchostylis retusa f. albiflora (I.Barua & Bora) Christenson.; Saccolabium blumei Lindl.; Saccolabium furcatum B.S.Williams.; Saccolabium garwalicum Lindl.; Saccolabium guttatum (Lindl.) Wall.; Saccolabium heathii Auct.; Saccolabium macrostachyum Lindl.; Saccolabium praemorsum (Willd.) Lindl.; Saccolabium retusum (L.) Voigt.; Saccolabium rheedei Wight.; Saccolabium spicatum (D.Don) Lindl.; Sarcanthus guttatus Lindl.;

Plant Common Name : Foxtail Orchid, Blunt Rhynchostylis • Hindi: Draupadi mala • Manipuri: Samjirei • Marathi: Gajara, Seetechi veni • Konkani: Panas koli • Kannada: Seethaali Dande

Plant Family : Orchidaceae

Description : Epiphytes, to 40 cm tall; stems stout, woody. Leaves to 30 x 2 cm, lorate, obliquely bilobed at apex with a mucro in between, lobules rounded. Flowers violet pink, closely packed in 30-40 cm long, stout, compact, pendulous axillary raceme; sepals and petals similar; dorsal sepal ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse; lateral sepals 8 x 7 mm, obliquely ovate, subacute; petals 6 x 3 mm, oblong-ovate, obtuse; lip entire, oblong, pink; clawed; claw deflexed, deeply inflexed, cuneiform; disc 2-lobed; spur 5 mm long, laterally compressed, tip emarginate; puberulus inside; column short; foot very short; pollinia 2, globose, with long caudicle.

Plant Location in Melghat : Semadoh

Medicinal Use / Activity : asthma, tuberculosis, cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. Under the name of rasna the root is used to treat rheumatism throughout the Indian subcontinent.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: -


Plant's Current Status : -

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Londhe, A.N., Watve, A.V. & Ansari, M.Y. 2002. “Additions to the flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve”. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 385 to 395 - -

Reference : ~ Jennifer L. McCracken, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Bill T. Ameredes, William J. Calhoun; "Diagnosis and Management of Asthma in Adults - A Review"; JAMA (2017); 318(3): 279-290 PMID : 28719697

~ Manisha Bhatnagar, Nandan Sarkar, Nigam Gandharv, Ona Apang, Sarman Singh, and Sabari Ghosal; "Evaluation of antimycobacterial, leishmanicidal and antibacterial activity of three medicinal orchids of Arunachal Pradesh, India"; BMC Complement Altern Med (2017); 17(379): 1-10 PMID : 28764749

~ Londhe AN, Watve AV and Ansari MY; "Additions to the flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. (2002); 26(2): 385-395 PMID :

~ Chen S; "Natural products triggering biological targets - a review of the anti-inflammatory phytochemicals targeting the arachidonic acid pathway in allergy asthma and rheumatoid arthritis."; Curr Drug Targets (2011); 12(3): 288-301 PMID : 20955151

~ Park HS, Kim SR, Kim JO and Lee YC; "The roles of phytochemicals in bronchial asthma"; Molecules (2010); 15(10): 6810-34 PMID : 20924320

~ Balaji Kasirajan, Rajadurai Maruthamuthu, Vidhya Gopalakrishnan, Krithika Arumugam, Hudson Asirvatham, Vidya Murali, Ramya Mohandass and Anusha Bhaskar; "A database for medicinal plants used in treatment of asthma"; Bioinformation (2007); 2(3): 105-106 PMID :

~ Bijaya Pant; "Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation"; Afr. J. Plant Sci. (2013); 7(10): 448-467 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass :
Order : Asparagales
Family : Orchidaceae - Orchid family
Genus : Rhynchostylis
Species : Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.

Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume.