Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MS005 : Tamarix troupii Hole

Plant Category : Shrubs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 27

Synonym : Tamarix indica Willd.; Tamarix bengalensis Baum.; Tamarix epacroides Smith.; Tamarix gallica sensu Wight & Arnott.; Tamarix gallica var. indica (Wind.) Ehrenb.;

Plant Common Name : Sarata, Jaora, Charmau, Ban Jhau, Jhav, Jhau, Manna

Plant Family : Tamaricaceae

Description : A tall shrub or small sized tree, 2-6 (-8) m tall with reddish-brown bark, glabrous. Leaves pseudovaginate, sessile, ovate with deltoid base, amplexicaul or auriculate, younger imbricate, acute, 1-2 mm long, without coherent margins. Recemes both vernal and aestival (vernal usually simple, aestival densely compound) 3-12 (-15) cm long, 3-4 (-5) mm borad. Rachis minutely papillose or entirely glabrous. Bract triangular, acuminate, somewhat irregualrly denticulate at the margin, sometimes slightly keeled, c. 1 mm long, pedicel shorter than bract, c. 0.5 mm long. Sepals 5, fused at the base inner somewhat broader than the outer, outer more acute, ovate or trullate-ovate to somewhat orbicular, deeply denticulate at the apex, margin somewhat membranous, 0.75-1 mm long, c. 0.5 mm broad. Petals 5, free, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, obtuse 1-2 mm long, 0.75-1 mm broad. Stamens 5, filaments filiform, inserted in between the 10 lobes of the mesodiscine disc, insertion perihypodiscal, anthers somewhat unequal, apiculate. Styles 3, clavate, ovary somewhat bottle-shaped, trigonous, truncate at top. Capsule c. 6 mm long, conical, triangular. Fl. Per.: January-October

Plant Location in Melghat : In river beds of Dolar, Tapi

Medicinal Use / Activity : The bark is bitter and an astringent, tonic; fruit and leaves are useful for dysentery and chronic Diarrhea. Galls are astringent, given internally in dysentery and Diarrhea, A strong decoction of gall is recommended for foul and sloughing ulcers; infusion is used as a gargle for sore throat. Powdered galls mixed with oil or vaseline is used in ulcerating piles and anal fissures. As a mild purgative, decoction of the gall is suitable for children, as it causes soft motion without irritation of bowels. The twigs and leaves are vulnerary; their ash is carminative, diuretic, Hepatoprotective, resolvent of the hepatic and splenic inflammations. It enters in British pharmacopoeia for their highest containing tannic acid.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: tannic acid; kaempferide; rhamnetin; hentriacontan-7-ol; hentriacont-7-ene; tricontyldocosanoate; octacosanol; beta-sitosterol; ellagic acid; tamarixin;




Plant's Current Status : -

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve - - - -

Reference : ~ Boeing H, Bechthold A, Bub A, Ellinger S, Haller D, Kroke A, Leschik-Bonnet E, Muller MJ, Oberritter H, Schulze M, Stehle P and Watzl B; "Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases"; Eur J Nutr (2012); 51(6): 637-63 PMID : 22684631

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Equisetopsida
Subclass :
Order : Caryophyllales
Family : Tamaricaceae
Genus : Tamarix
Species : Tamarix troupii Hole

Tamarix troupii Hole
Tamarix troupii Hole
Tamarix troupii Hole