Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MS007 : Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet

Plant Category : Shrubs

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 30

Synonym : Abutilon albidum (Willd.) Sweet; Abutilon albidum (Willd.) Hook. & Arn.; Abutilon album Hill [Invalid]; Abutilon arborescens Medik.; Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet; Abutilon asiaticum (L.) G. Don; Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Guill. & Perr.; Abutilon asiaticum var. subasperum Fosberg; Abutilon asiaticum var. supraviride Fosberg; Abutilon australe var. malvifolium (Benth.) Baker f.; Abutilon cavaleriei H.Lév.; Abutilon croizatianum Moscoso; Abutilon cunninghamii Benth.; Abutilon cysticarpum Hance ex Walp.; Abutilon elongatum Moench [Illegitimate]; Abutilon frutescens Medik.; Abutilon grandiflorum G.Don; Abutilon hirsutissimum Moench [Illegitimate]; Abutilon indicum var. albidum (Willd.) Baker f. .......; Abutilon leiospermum Griseb.; Abutilon malvifolium (Benth.) J.M.Black; Abutilon malvifolium (Benth.) Domin; Abutilon oxycarpum var. malvifolium Benth.; Abutilon populifolium (Lam.) Sweet; Abutilon populifolium (Lam.) G. Don; Abutilon pubescens (Cav.) Urb. [Illegitimate]; Abutilon subpapyraceum Hochr.; Abutilon vesicarium (Cav.) Sweet; Beloere cistiflora Shuttlew. ex A.Gray; Sida albida Willd.; Sida asiatica L.; Sida indica L.; Sida populifolia Lam.; Sida pubescens Cav.; Sida vesicaria Cav.;

Plant Common Name : Petari, Indian Mallow, Country Mallow, Abutilon, Indian abutilon • Hindi: Kanghi • Marathi: Petari • Tamil: Paniyaratutti • Malayalam: Velluram • Telugu: Tuturabenda • Kannada: Tutti • Bengali: Potari

Plant Family : Malvaceae

Description : Herbs, ca. 3 m in height; branches terete, downly tomentose; stem covered with soft velvety tomentum. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules linear ca. 2-5 mm long, petioles ca. 2-18 cm long, stellate pubescent mixed with sparse, simple, spreading hairs; lamina ca. 1.7-15 x 1-12 cm, cordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, irregularly dentate, stellate pubescent above, grey felted beneath; palmately 5-9 nerved at base; secondary nerves 2-3 pairs. Flowers axillary, solitary, ca. 2.5 cm in diam., golden-yellow; pedicel ca. 4 cm, articulate near apex, grey stellate puberulent; calyx ca. 6-10 mm in diam., green, disk-shaped, densely grey puberulent, lobes 5, broadly ovate, apex acute, corolla uniformly yellow; petals obovate, 1-1.5 cm long and broad, claw hairy on the margin; staminal column 5-7 mm long, stellate pubescent; Schizocarps ca. 1.5-2.5 cm in diam., globular, flat or slightly indented at apex; mericarps 15-27, blackish, reniform, upper part with a short acute mucro, dorsally and ventrally stellate-hairy, laterally glabrous, smooth. Seeds 2-3, ca. 1.5-2 mm in diam., black brownish, reniform, minutely stellate-hairy or glabrescent.

Plant Location in Melghat : On bunds of fields

Medicinal Use / Activity : Snake bite, Urinal diseases, Anti-cancer (leaf): Kaladhar et al., 2014; The juice of the leaves is demulcent and diuretic. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers. A paste made of the leaves or seeds is applied to wounds, boils and ulcers. The seeds are laxative and are useful in cases of haemorrhoids and cough. An infusion of the root is used as a treatment for leprosy. It is taken internally as a cooling remedy for coughs and fevers. A decoction of the flowers is used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers. anti-inflammatory; Anti-proliferative activity; Anti-Arthritic activity; Analgesic; Sedative property; Antioxidant; Antimicrobial activity; Hepatoprotective activity; Anti diabetic; Anti cancer; Anti Diarrheal; Anti-convulsant; Larvicidal; Wound healing; Anti asthmatic; Diuretic; Immunomodulatory; Anti-estrogenic activity;

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: linoleic acid; oleic acid; stearic acid; palmitic acid; lauric acid; myristic acid; caprylic acid; capric acid; sitosterol; amyrin; beta-sitosterol; gallic acid; geraniol;




Palmitic acid;

Plant's Current Status : Not common

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve - - - - -

Reference : ~ Vadnere Gautam P, Pathan Aslam R, Kulkarni Bharti U, and Abhay Kumar Singhai; "Abutilons Indicum Linn: A Phytopharmacological Review"; IJRPC (2013); 3(1): 153-156 PMID :

~ Jennifer L. McCracken, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Bill T. Ameredes, William J. Calhoun; "Diagnosis and Management of Asthma in Adults - A Review"; JAMA (2017); 318(3): 279-290 PMID : 28719697

~ Chellaiah Muthu, Muniappan Ayyanar, Nagappan Raja and Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu; "Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India"; Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2006); 2(43): 1-10 PMID :

~ Chen S; "Natural products triggering biological targets - a review of the anti-inflammatory phytochemicals targeting the arachidonic acid pathway in allergy asthma and rheumatoid arthritis."; Curr Drug Targets (2011); 12(3): 288-301 PMID : 20955151

~ Park HS, Kim SR, Kim JO and Lee YC; "The roles of phytochemicals in bronchial asthma"; Molecules (2010); 15(10): 6810-34 PMID : 20924320

~ Santosh Kumar Singh, Jay Ram Patel, Prashant Kumar Dubey and Sonia Thakur; "A review on anti-asthmatic activity of traditional medicinal plants"; IJPSR (2014); 5(10): 4109-4116 PMID :

~ Balaji Kasirajan, Rajadurai Maruthamuthu, Vidhya Gopalakrishnan, Krithika Arumugam, Hudson Asirvatham, Vidya Murali, Ramya Mohandass and Anusha Bhaskar; "A database for medicinal plants used in treatment of asthma"; Bioinformation (2007); 2(3): 105-106 PMID :

~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

~ Das, DC.; Sinha, NK.; Chattopadhyay JC.; Das M. and Samanta P.; "The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of Gonorrhea and Syphilis in south west Bengal of India"; International Journal of Phytomedicine (2013); 5: 14-17 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Dilleniidae
Order : Malvales
Family : Malvaceae - Mallow family
Genus : Abutilon Mill. - Indian mallow
Species : Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet - monkeybush