Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MT007 : Kydia calycina Roxb.

Plant Category : Tree

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 35

Synonym : Kydia fraterna Roxb.; Kydia paterna Roxb.; Kydia pulverulenta Buch.-Ham.; Kydia roxburghiana Wight.;

Plant Common Name : Arang, Bothi, G-Baringa, Bosha, Pula, Pulia, Pattha, Warang, Kydia • Hindi: bharanga, bhoti, illya, potari, pula, pulia • Marathi: ranbhendi, warang • Tamil: Bendi, pula, vattakannu, vendai • Malayalam: kaattaavanakk velalatacci, viimp, vellachadachi, velukku • Telugu: bolka, eruku tada, konda-podari, konda patti, pacha botuku, potari • Kannada: bende, benda, bendi • Bengali: Pola • Oriya: Bankopasia • Urdu: Kapasia • Assamese: Pichhola, Kukuha • Gujarati: Motihirwani • Konkani: warang • Manipuri: Khabi • Sikkimese: Kubinde

Plant Family : Malvaceae

Description : Trees, to 15 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, greyish-brown, irregularly flaking off in thin small scales; branchlets terete, stellate pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; stipules free, lateral, to 1 cm, subulate; petiole 2.5-10 cm long, slender, stellate-tomentose; lamina 5-15 x 4-13 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, 3-5 lobed, base obtuse, cordate, round or truncate, apex obtuse or acute, margin crenate-dentate or subentire, coriaceous, stellate-tomentose above, velvety beneath; 5-7 nerved from base, palmate, prominent, with a single rasied elliptic nectary at the base of the midrib beneath or 3-nectaries on the principle nerves beneath, lateral nerves 3-4 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamo-dioecious, white, in axillary and terminal panicles; peduncle stellate-tomentose; pedicel upto 5 mm long, stellate-tomentose; involucellar bracts 4-5, connate at base, obovate-spathulate, stellate-tomentose, accrescent; calyx 6 mm long, 5-lobed, divided to the middle, lobes ovate-acute, stellate-tomentose outside, silky glaucous within, accrescent; corolla 1.8 cm across in male flowers, to 1 cm across in female flowers, white; petals 4-5, adnate to the staminal column, spathulate, ciliate along the margins, clawed at base; staminal column 4 mm long, glandular throughout, hairy at base, 5-branched at apex with 4-6 sessile reniform anthers at its top; pistillode with a short style; ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules 2 in each locule; stylar branches 3, glabrous; stigmas large, peltate, minutely hairy; staminode with 3-5 clefted staminal column, each with 2-3 connate, rudimentary anthers at its apex. Fruit a capsule, 3-6 mm across, subglobose, stellate-tomentose, completely enclosed within the calyx; seeds one in each locule, reniform, concentrically striated, glabrous, brownish.

Plant Location in Melghat : Throughout

Medicinal Use / Activity : Plant—mucilaginous, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge. Leaf and root—antirheumatic. The leaves stimulate saliva. A paste of leaves is applied in body pains, used in poultices for skin diseases. anti-oxidant and Anti-bacterial Body swellings, body pain, boils, diabetis, febrifuge, increases saliva, inflamation, rheumatism, Analgesic; leaf and stem bark paste applied for ulcers and skin diseases;

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: Lauric acid; myristic acid; palmitic acid; stearic acid; arachidic acid; behenic acid; oleic acid; linoleic acid; cyclopropenoid acid; Hibiscone C,; Hibiscoquinone B;


Palmitic acid;

Plant's Current Status :

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve - - - - - -

Reference : ~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

~ Omesh Bajpai, Jitendra Pandey and Lal Babu Chaudhary; "Ethnomedicinal Uses of Tree Species by Tharu Tribes in the Himalayan Terai Region of India"; Research Journal of Medicinal Plant (2016); 10(1): 19-41 PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass : Magnoliidae
Order : Malvales
Family : Malvaceae - Mallow family
Genus : Kydia
Species : Kydia calycina Roxb.

Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.
Kydia calycina Roxb.