Botanical Name Plant's Common Name Plant Family   

   MA001 : Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle

Plant Category : Aquatic

Melghat's Flora's Serial No. : 488

Synonym : Elodea verticillata (L.f.) F.Muell.; Epigynanthus blumei Hassk., nom. nud.; Hydora lithuanica (Rchb.) Besser; Hydrilla angustifolia Hassk.; Hydrilla dentata Casp.; Hydrilla dentata var. pomeranica (Rchb.) Casp.; Hydrilla lithuanica (Rchb.) Dandy.; Hydrilla najadifolia Zoll. & Moritzi.; Hydrilla ovalifolia Rich., nom. illeg.; Hydrilla polysperma Blatt.; Hydrilla roxburghii Steud.; Hydrilla subulata Royle.; Hydrilla verticillata var. brevifolia Casp.; Hydrilla verticillata var. crispa Casp.; Hydrilla verticillata var. roxburghii Casp.; Hydrilla verticillata var. tenuis Casp.; Hydrilla wightii Planch.; Hydrospondylus submersus Hassk.; Ixia aquatica Muhl. ex Spreng., nom. inval.; Serpicula verticillata L.f.; Udora lithuanica Rchb.; Udora occidentalis W.D.J.Koch.; Udora pomeranica Rchb.; Udora verticillata (L.f.) Spreng.; Vallisneria verticillata (L.f.) Roxb.;

Plant Common Name : Waterthyme, hydrilla, Florida Elodea, Water Thyme, Indian Stargrass, Water Weed, Esthwaite Waterweed, Pani-birina/ Sial-bhobra-khar/ Patal-khar,

Plant Family : Hydrocharitaceae

Description : Caulescent, glabrous, profusely branched freshwater herb with 5-50 mm long internodes and fibrous roots at some nodes. Leaves oblong-linear to lanceolate, green, margin serrate-dentate, apex acute-apiculate; nodal scales 2, axillary, membranous with orange brown cilia on margin. Male spathe 1.25-1.50 mm long, bursting open to liberate male flower, beset with subulate appendages. Male flower: sepals reflexed, 1.5-3 mm long; petals linear-spathulate, equalling the sepals, patent or reflexed, obtuse; stamens with minute filaments. Female spathe c. 5 mm long, reddish-brown striped, bidentate. Ovary oblong, 3.4 mm long, with 1.5-10 cm long slender rostrum. Fruits terete, 5-7 mm long. Seeds dark brown, c. 2.5 mm long.

Plant Location in Melghat : Only in Devi Lake, Chikhaldara

Medicinal Use / Activity : Used in the treatment of abscesses, boils and wounds, especially if there is debris in the wound. A dried powder of the plant is applied to cuts and wounds to help accelerate healing.

Plant's Phytochemicals : COMPOUNDS: thymidine; Octadecanedioic acid; loliolide;


Plant's Current Status : Endemic, Red List Category - Least Concern

Plant's Cross Database Reference : 259142

Reference : Dhore M. A. (1984) The flora of melghat tiger reserve - - -

Reference : ~ Dhore MA and Joshi PA; "Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve"; Directorate, Project Tiger, Melghat (1988); PMID :

Kingdom : Plantae - Plants
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class : Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass : Alismatidae
Order : Hydrocharitales
Family : Hydrocharitaceae - Tape-grass family
Genus : Hydrilla Rich. - hydrilla
Species : Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle - waterthyme

Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle - waterthyme